Stainless steel is used for architectural buildings, jewelry, watches, automotive parts, firearm components and has many other applications. Stainless steel is used for the most decisive property of non rusting or corrosion as compared to other metals. In the earlier years, stainless steel was sold in the US under various names such as Allegheny metal and Nirosta Steel. The common properties of Stainless steel such as resistance to corrosion, low maintenance, low maintenance and the shiny surface makes it perfect for various applications.
Currently there are over 150 grades of stainless steel, and only about 15 of them are used in most cases and applications. Stainless steel is produced and is rolled into coils, sheets, plates, bars, tubes etc.
Metallurgists since the 18th century have been working to make such an alloy, which was malleable, non corrosive and was extremely sturdy at the same time. Till the 19th century, they were unable to produce steels that had a low carbon and high chromium content and make them sustainable. Then in the late 1890’s Hans Goldschmidt from Germany developed a thermite process, for the production of chromium that was carbon free. Then in the early 1900’s especially between 1901 – 1920, several researchers across Europe and the United States were able to develop early persecusors to stainless steel.