The first telephone was made by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. Historians believe that another inventor Elisha Gray also invented the telephone at the same time independently and both the inventors rushed to the patent office to get their invention patented but Graham Bell got the patent first on March 7, 1876. Graham bell was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh Scotland. His father was a teacher of “visible speech” and helped teachers teach the deaf. Graham’s mother, a portrait painter and a musician lost her power of hearing when Graham was just twelve. Graham used to help his father in demonstrations and acquired expertise in “visible speech”.
His expertise in deaf language and interest in electricity helped him in his invention. He himself became a teacher at the University of London and tried producing vowel sounds using forks and electricity through which he got the idea of telegraphing speech.
Graham lost his brother in 1870 due to tuberculosis and then the family shifted to Ontario Canada. Here Graham opened his school for the deaf and joined the University of Boston.
Out of interest Graham kept on trying sending several messages on a single wire, for this he required equipments and then he involved Thomas A. Watson for the same. They both kept on working for long hours on the tedious experiments and finally on June 2, 1875 they heard a sound over the wire from one room to another.
They worked hard for the same and the first proper sentence was carried three days later to the patented day in the Boston Boarding House, Court Street, Boston.